Criminal Law Careers for Canadians

If you are interested in pursuing criminal law as a career path in Canada, it will be necessary to attend a law school within the country. Before that, you will need to earn an undergraduate degree and then gain admission to a law school.

A typical course of study for law students takes a total of three years, after which they will embark upon an apprenticeship period commonly referred to as "articling." During this time, prospective lawyers work under the close supervision of an attorney already in practice, receiving an entry-level salary.

When an individual has been articling for a given period of time, he or she will be "called to the bar," meaning that they have achieved the right to begin practicing as a lawyer on their own.

Criminal defense lawyers spend their time defending individuals or groups who are under accusation of wrongdoing. Their work can encompass cases involving allegations of crimes against individual persons, the public or other organizations within society.

While defending clients, criminal lawyers conduct significant research and investigative work so that they can provide the best possible representation. Criminal attorneys have a duty to exercise the utmost diligence in defending the accused, and it is important to remember that everyone is presumed innocent unless and until their guilt is established in a court of law.

Criminal law is a practice area which can be arduous, time-consuming and stressful. However, it can be rather lucrative and it often affords practitioners a degree of professional prestige that other realms cannot.

It is important for criminal defense attorneys to be well-spoken and to come across as an authority on the law. While these are characteristics that can certainly be practiced, it helps to have an innate set of abilities in this regard. Given that criminal matters tend to be very fact-intensive, it is also vital that a criminal lawyer be willing to dedicate substantial amounts of time to research and case investigation.

Practitioners in this area of the law need to be able to conduct comprehensive examinations of key evidence and apply the facts to the relevant statues and prior case law. Persuasive arguments must then be crafted in order to convince a judge or a jury that the client being represented is not guilty of the charges they are facing.

Successful criminal defense attorneys need to possess great skill in getting along with all sorts of people and be able to read personalities well. Because such professionals may often find themselves defending individuals who did in fact commit the crime of which they are accused, the ability to negotiate downward departures in potential penalties is also essential.

How Your Eyebrows Play a Vital Role in Your Appearance

Believe it or not, it’s your eyebrows which do the actual talking. They are not-so-secret portals into one’s personality. Eyebrows are a mirror of our physical and mental health. Eyebrows are one of the most undermined features of facial expressions. A neatly trimmed and properly shaped pair of brows goes a long way in creating a lasting first impression. When we say that our eyes are dancing with joy or anger or excitement, it’s actually the eyebrows that do the dancing. A botched up brow job can create the impression of a baby caterpillar running after its mother. Whereas, a thick, well-maintained, and structured pair of brows oozes of power and charm. A woman can garner attention with a delicate swish of a well-tailored brow.

Conversations can be halted or resumed with a well directed flick of a brow. The proverbial “Looks can kill”, can actually be manifested by a single raised brow. Our eyebrow is an abyss of emotion. Raising a single eyebrow signifies doubt. When both are raised, it means a look of surprise. And when eyebrows fly past the forehead (occurs literally only in cartoons!), it denotes extreme astonishment. Simultaneously raising and lowering each of the brows can convey sarcasm without a single word being spoken. 

Have you wondered why we remember Mona Lisa’s smile, but the most distinct feature of Queen Cleopatra that comes to the forefront was indeed her eyebrows? Wolverine’s animalistic vibe can be credited to an extent to his spiked brows. Spock’s carved eyebrow was one of the contributing factors to his other worldliness.  Chaplin’s brows were one of the pillars of his outstanding act. Even Voldemort’s absence of brows gave character to his sinisterness. Einstein’s bushy brows are going to be remembered by generations to be come. There is a dance form with its origins in India (Kathakali) which focuses on emoting detailed gestures by the movement of elaborately decorated eyebrows.

Blessed are those who have a well endowed pair of brows. Dense brows are back in fashion recently, with natural beauty being the trendsetter and supermodels endorsing thick bushy brows nowadays. Well don’t lose your sleep over lean brows  

Here are some easy tips and tricks to maintain a healthy pair of eyebrows:
1. Combing eyebrows is not just a hobby of the sixties villains.  It contributes towards a beautiful eyebrow.
2. Castor oil is said to stimulate the growth of eyebrows. Dab a little castor oil on a swab of cotton, and swipe it gently over your brows.  After twenty five minute, using your index finger, lightly message your brows starting from the bridge of your nose towards the tip for nearly five minutes. Then wash it off with luke warm water. Check out for allergies before using! Aloe Vera gel also helps.
3. Take care to wipe your eyebrows as well when cleansing your face. Residue in the hair follicles leads to clogging of the minute pores, which is followed by rashes and pimples.
4. A little touch of eye pencil and hint of eye shadows, when carefully applied on the eyebrows, can add a dramatic flair to any look.
5. A healthy diet goes a long way in maintaining a luscious pair of brows.

If you are passionate about eyelashes, there are classes available such as this one from SugarLashPro that can teach you everything you need to know about eyelashes.

You Might Need A Criminal Lawyer For Breaking These Ontario Laws.

Every city, province and country has numerous laws that were created decades ago and seem laughable today. Some of the laws are rarely enforced, but they remain on the books. If you are charged with breaking any of the following laws, ignorance is no excuse, and an experienced criminal lawyer can help.

The entire country is governed by several laws that are strange and largely unknown. Just because the laws are obscure, they are still enforced in some areas. On the radio stations, 30 percent of the content must be from Canadian artists.

Paying with Pennies
Paying with pennies is another illegal act, in some situations. Items that cost 50 cents or more cannot be paid for with only pennies.

Removing Bandages
If you have been injured and have a bandage, there are some laws that you may want to be aware of. It is illegal for citizens to remove bandages in a public location.

Playing Music in the Park
In Windsor, Ontario, it is illegal to play a musical instrument in a park.

Sawing Wood
In Toronto, Ontario, it is illegal to saw wood or wash your automobile on the streets.

Filling Your Water Trough
If you have a water trough in your front yard, it must be filled before five in the morning.

Watching Satellite Television
Canadian citizens cannot watch encrypted broadcasts that are not licensed by the government. This includes any of the United States satellite systems.

No dead horses on Sunday
In Toronto, it is illegal for residents to drag a dead horse down Yonge Street on Sunday. This law dates to the turn of the 20th century and is largely a relic of the days before cars and public transit was found in the city. Just in case you have a desire to drag your dead horse around Toronto on Sunday morning, remember this law and steer clear of Yonge Street.

Bathtub law
In Etobicoke, the city has a bylaw that is designed to protect people in the bathtub. The law actually states that you cannot have more than 3.5 inches of water in your bathtub.

Older Laws
The province and country have changed many laws, and here are some of the strangest ones from the past.

Private Drinking Rooms
In Ontario, taverns, beer halls and pubs were required to have private rooms for ladies and their escorts.

In 1802, convicts who were recently released from jail or prison had a mere eight days to make it out of the city. The punishment for not leaving was death.

If you have been caught breaking any of these strange laws, you can benefit from the experience of a criminal lawyer to ensure that you are not put in jail and released with eight days to leave the province.

Top 5 Reasons to Invest In Real Estate

Real Estate is one of the most debated topics whenever it comes to investing your hard earned money. Regardless the risks, Real Estate often proves to be very fruitful as a long term investment. Many people invest as an experiment with no intentions of earning huge profits. The hike in the value of the properties with passage of time and the huge wealth that can be generated out of it are the reasons people get tempted to invest in Real Estate.

Although you don’t need much expertise to become an investor, there are some points that make Real Estate investment worth a shot:

1. It is Not as Tough as it Sounds:

Becoming an investor in Real Estate doesn’t require much prerequisite skills as most people would believe. Investing in property is much simpler compared to playing the stock market, which requires a lot of knowledge and research about the complexities of trading and related fields. Investing in Real Estate, however, can be as simple as going online and start searching for properties. While generally most real estate will go up in value overtime, you do have to do some minimal research on the neighbourhood and city to ensure nothing drastic will affect the value. If you're looking to invest significant amounts, it is highly recommended to seek the services of a professional consultant such as the Altus Group to ensure your investment is sound.

2. Flexibility in Budgets:

Real Estate investments are very flexible in monetary terms. People can choose from a wide range of properties depending on their budget. If you can’t find a suitable property, try looking in the middle-ring suburbs or cheaper places that can offer you an entry point in your budget. The property value increases with the growth of communities and so does your profit on ultimately selling it.

3. Deduction on Taxes:

Once you have invested in Real Estate, you can claim numerous deductions on your tax return such as the paid amount on the loan as interest, insurance, building depreciation, et cetera. There can be some extra tax savers in case you own an income property as the interest on mortgage payments for an income property is tax deductible. Always look out for savings wherever possible.

4. Stability of Investment:

There are more risks associated with investments in stocks or bond, no matter how tempting they seem because of the exceptional wealth opportunities they offer. The risks arise from the constant fluctuations in the market. Real Estate, however, will shield you from much of the market volatility and will keep giving returns even in times when the economy takes a hit.

5. Freedom of Choice:

This is probably one of the reasons why lots of people put their money in Real Estate. You can always choose from a variety of options whether it be a residential, commercial, single, or multifamily property. The choice is yours, and who else knows better what you need than yourself? Doing a little research often pays off with great deals that can prove to be very beneficial as long term investments.

Real Estate indeed is a smart investment if you know how to handle monetary affairs. The flexibility provides the much needed freedom that allows the investors to choose from a variety of options according to their requirements.

Maintenance Tips For Your Metallic Roof

Many people have a hard time believing their ears when they find out about the need of maintenance for their metallic roofs. Well, yes! Metallic roofing does require maintenance or more precisely, inspections to see whether it has incurred damage due to snow or ice or hail despite its imperishable durability factors. It is a well known fact that metal roof is the most durable roofing material one can buy and hence is the selling point. If you are considering getting metal roofing, use a reputable company like Heather & Little that has prior examples to show their craft.

Although most metallic roofing does not require more than a few thorough inspections over a year, here are some points that will guide you through maintaining your metallic roof in a better way:

1. Cleaning

This is the fundamental of maintaining any roofing system. Very often the roof gets buried under leaves and other debris from the trees above it. Wash your metal roof at least once annually to protect it from corrosion from dirt and pollen as well as to give it a nice appearance. Remove the debris from the gutters that results in water backing under the roof line. Always make sure you have cleaned up the valleys on the roof where water accumulates most often.

2. Prevent Damage From External Factors

This might sound a bit unusual but the abrasion resulting from the contact of trees and bushes during strong winds can definitely tarnish the finish of a metal roof. Always make sure that the trees in the vicinity of your roof are trimmed so as to ensure no damage due to external factors.

3. Refrain Yourself From Walking On The Roof

Most of the metal roofs are engineered well to impart them enough strength to sustain human weight without suffering any damage in function or appearance but you should try to refrain yourself from walking on them too often. Always make sure you have the complete knowledge of the manufacturer’s recommendations in this regard before you go on the roof.

4. Check The Sealants And The Screws

You must be familiar with the properties of metal and how the change in temperature affects its behavior. A metal roof lacks the elasticity as present in the composite roofing systems – It expands and contacts due to temperature changes which may cause cracks in the sealants used between the metallic sheets causing them to separate. This is important in terms of inspection although the newer butyl sealants claim to last more than two decades. Also make sure you check the screws that have been put to hold the roof in place as the repeated expansion and contraction can loosen the screws.

5. Proper Painting

You might get the feeling sometimes that the appearance of your metal roof is making you wearisome and needs a much needed painting touchup. In that case, make sure you clean the entire surface that is to be painted very well so as to prevent any debris from getting trapped underneath the paint surface. Always make sure that the paint you are using is metal friendly and that you avoid spray painting technique as the breeze can blow the paint away from the target area. Try using a brush or a roller instead. Apply two coats of paint to ensure the longevity.

Metallic Roofs are definitely a wise choice whenever it comes to choosing your roofing options due to their durability and low maintenance factors. The versatility in their designs and their other capabilities such as fire resistance are only a few qualities that standard metal roofing offers.

Why A Security Guard Management System Is An Absolute Necessity?

What Is Security Guard Management System?

As is implied from the term, a security guard management system is a software that allows control, monitoring and management of the security guards on duty. It provides convenience to both the management and the security guards. The system offers all the necessary functions, which includes attendance and time registration, security patrol tracking, real-time communication between other guards on duty as well as the management, online reporting system, and some more customizable features. Remember, this software is designed to increase the efficiency of the security guards on duty and not to replace human intelligence.

Why Is It Necessary?

The duty of security guard is quite demanding and needs the guards to stay alert at all times. It is imperative that the guards on duty be able to communicate with their colleagues as well as the control room as and when needed. The tracking system will not only keep the guards on their toes, but will also ensure the security of those on duty.

Security guard management system allows creation of checkpoints. Checkpoints are strategically identified points within the secured area that covers a part of the complete area. The system allows immediate update about the status of the checkpoints between specified time intervals.

Security guard management softwares like SilverTrac effectively simplifies and modernizes the entire system. Implementing it help in the following manners –

  • Simplification – The clutter of paper work often brings down the effectivity of the security guards on duty. Maintaining security is a demanding job. If there is too much of paper work load added to it there will definitely be some negligence in reporting. This management system removes the unnecessary paper works and introduces simplified templates that will allow guards to fill out reports in a jiffy.
  • Accountability – In absence of a modern tracking and recording system often there happens lack of performance of duty for which no one is held accountable because the records are maintained in papers and are often too cumbersome to track. However, in case of a system controlled management, tracking and determining flaws in the guard patrol is easy and can be rectified easily.
  • Reliability – With a secured system in place, the information about every patrol is easily accessible and retrievable. This allows faster and better dissipation of any dispute regarding negligence of mismanagement of guard duty.
  • Automation – There is no need to have unnecessary manual tasks for the management of guards. Most of the process is automated, which includes daily and hourly reporting along with recording of videos and images.
  • Budget friendly – Removing redundant processes and saving time ensures higher productivity at lower investment. Thus, the system makes guard management much more budget friendly.

It is important that with the changing time better and more responsive security system is evolved. A well connected real-time security management software helps in achieving this objective. Thus, security guard management system is the need of the hour.

How Magnetic Positioning is used in Indoor Navigation Systems?

Over the years we had acquainted ourselves well with GPS that is, Global Positioning System which certainly turned out to be a revolution in technology. It has become very popular for tracking locations. But it fails to work indoors because the roofs, walls, and floors tend to shield satellite signals.

And so, the prime stumbling block of GPS laid foundation for the development of IPS. 

An indoor positioning system (IPS) or indoor navigation system is a system that is used to track down people or objects inside a building by adopting radiowaves, magnetic fields or other sensory information assembled by mobile devices. They either locate mobile devices or provide location for devices to get sensed. 

In short IPS works where GPS fails off!

So, how is magnetic positioning used in indoor navigation systems? 

Magnetic fields have been our radar since ages in the form of compasses. In order to use the Earth’s magnetic field for navigation purpose, a compass aligns with the horizontal component. In the same way animals are able to detect the direction of Earth's magnetic field, they can also sense their position corresponding to their destination. 

This means that these special animals elicit positional information from local cues that arise from local anomalies of the Earth's magnetic field. The very same principle was studied and transformed into an efficient technology by Professor Jane Haverinen and Anssi Kemppainen. 

So, magnetic positioning is an IPS solution formulated on magnetic sensor data from a smartphone used to locate objects or people inside a building wirelessly. It is like a technology touched compass. But even a compass fails to work inside buildings because of metallic structures but this technology can make use of these fluctuations to create a peculiar map within each building. 

The magnetic positioning system navigates its path via hints that emanate from local fluctuations of Earth's magnetic field. A smartphone application is also developed that makes use of Earth's magnetic field to help people in knowing their exact location. The modern buildings like reinforced concrete and vast steel structures have exclusive ambient magnetic fields that can be used for positioning. Each part of the building like floors or corridors create a well defined magnetic field that can be used to locate or generate a map of the location. 

In the principle of indoor positioning system, a non uniform ambient magnetic field generates different magnetic estimations depending on the path taken through it. The deviations produced by ambient magnetic fields are utilized in indoor positioning. Magnetic positioning measures the fluctuations in Earth's magnetic field in a building ranging from 0.1 m to 2 m. 

For example, if you are stuck in a shopping mall trying to locate the shop you want to head in, your device's compass takes note of the magnetic field around you. The signals received are then generated into a map database based on the readings of your phone as well as the map of the mall that was previously created. 

So this technology stays with you like a shadow or a ministering angel that guides you the path and never leaving you in a lurch.


Magnetic positioning is just one of the available methods that navigation technology uses to determine your location indoors. Mapping engines like JibeStream also uses BLE beacons, wi-fi, and other emerging methods.

YOUR DNS SERVER IS HACKED!!! – What Does It Imply?

DNS is nothing less than the backbone of the entire Internet communication. It has evolved as the best solution against people having to remember impossible combination of digits to access the various websites. DNS effectively masks the IP from the public and enables the device to locate the right IP by maintaining a directory of IPs corresponding to the different domain names. However, the DNS is inherently not secured enough. It is vulnerable against external exploits.

What damage can DNS hack cause?

Before we concentrate upon DNS hack specifically, let me remind you, pretty much every hack is with malicious intent and will cause damage to some extent. It is hard to find a situation where in a hacker left no damage. Even if the person hacking is doing so to bring to light a security breach, unless it is WhiteHat hacking (legalised hacking done by the organization itself to find security breaches), the act is jeopardizing the security of the organization and all those associated with it. It is essentially publicizing a fault and this fault might be present in other organizations as well.

DNS hacking is a pretty specialised form of hacking and it targeted towards a specific IP or set of IPs. The hacker is mainly targeting those who are visiting the website. It might also be to cause damage to the organization in one way or another. Let us take a look at some of the most common yet most notorious form of DNS hacks and their implications.

The first one that comes to mind is that of Denial of Service (DoS/DDoS) attacks on various servers. Denial of service, as the name clearly mentions, is an attack that does not allow users to access the website or the server. This attack is carried out in a varied format. At times there is a constant looping, formed within the server itself. It is mostly known as LAND attack. Here the host’s IP address is placed at both the source and destination of any request. The machine keeps replying to itself and becomes unavailable to others. Besides this, flood attacks are done on the servers which essentially crash them due to excessive requests. All of these cause the servers to become unavailable and hence the Denial of Service. The attack has been carried out on many servers across the globe. Among the most recent and publicised attack was that on the Sony Playstation Servers. It did not let many play online game for long. Due to the massive popularity of online gaming, many game servers have been known to be the target of DDoS attack.

Cache poisoning is another highly malicious attack on DNS. This modifies the DNS directory records and takes the user to a fake website when they try to access the original one. In less serious cases it is used to siphon traffic from one website to another. However, hackers have used this to make people divulge important financial and banking security details by taking them to fake banking or eCommerce websites.

Can attack on DNS be stopped?

Like every protection against a hack, an attack on DNS can also be prevented. It needs better security added to the DNS server. There are firms which offer complete security solution. Best option is to invest and boost up the DNS security.